### Einstein's Theory of Relativity

This webquest is designed to enlighten you on Einsteins theory of Relativity and how it relates to Gravity.

VORTEX THESIS

The most basic and fundamental principles of physical science that are used to explain everything else in the universe are themselves mysteries! Although this shocking fact seems unbelievable, it is absolutely true. The fundamental principles of physical science – that are also used in:

Engineering

Physics

Chemistry

Thermodynamics

-And what?

(Go to this site to find the answer http://www.thevortextheory.com/The_Vortex_Theory/TVT_Vortex_Thesis.htm)

Up until the latter half of the 20th Century, it was believed that the mass of matter and the volume of matter were directly related. For example, the more matter that is packed into a constant volume the more massive it is. However, with the discovery of quarks within protons and neutrons, this idea is no longer valid.Quarks are fantastically small yet possess most of the mass of protons and neutrons. This creates a problem because electrons, whose sizes are absolutely enormous in relation to quarks, possess less mass than quarks, destroying the relationship between mass and volume. Nor does volume explain two other unique characteristics of mass.

1. This theory, referred to as the General Theory of Relativity, proposed that matter causes _________ to curve.

Go to http://archive.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Cyberia/NumRel/GenRelativity.html to find out the answer).

2. Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity predicted that time does not flow at a _____ rate

http://archive.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Cyberia/NumRel/GenRelativity.html(for the answer).

3. Einstein's second paper in _____ proposed what is today called the special theory of relativity. (Go to http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Einstein.html To find the answer).

In fact 1911 was a very significant year for Einstein since he was able to make preliminary predictions about how a ray of light from a distant star, passing near the Sun, would appear to be bent slightly, in the direction of the Sun. This would be highly significant as it would lead to the first experimental evidence in favour of Einstein's theory.

4. About 1912, Einstein began a new phase of his gravitational research, with the help of his mathematician friend __________ _______ (Go to http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Einstein.html to find the answer).

5. General Relativity led Einstein to an astonishing new conception of gravity. According to his theory, this familiar force is actually the result of the _______ of the very fabric of space and time by mass. (Go to http://www.geocities.com/Omegaman_UK/relativity.html to find the answer).

6. When forced to summarize the general theory of relativity in one sentence:

Time and space and _________ have no separate existence from matter. (Albert Einstein) (Go to http://www.spaceandmotion.com/Physics-Albert-Einstein-Theory-Relativity.htm to find the answer).

7. We shall therefore assume the complete physical equivalence of a ___________ field and the corresponding acceleration of the reference frame. This assumption extends the principle of relativity to the case of uniformly accelerated motion of the reference frame.

(Go to http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/HistTopics/General_relativity.html to find the answer.)

On 25 November Einstein submitted his paper The field equations of gravitation which give the correct field equations for general relativity. The calculation of bending of light and the advance of Mercury's perihelion remained as he had calculated it one week earlier. (Go to http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/HistTopics/General_relativity.html to find the answer).

8. Einstein's Theory of Relativity also postulated that Energy and Matter are interchangeable in accordance with his famous formula of _________. In other words, matter could be considered as simply 'slowed down' or crystallised 'Energy' and as such the human body is nothing more than a complex 'energy field'. (Go to http://www.vision.net.au/~apaterson/science/physics_relativity.htmto find the answer).

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